“Extinction is the most irreversible and tragic of all environmental calamities. With each plant and animal species that disappears, a precious part of creation is callously erased.” (Michael Soulé) noted American conservation biologist.
Human nature naturally does not want to cause extinction; neither does it want the species to decline. However, the world faces those issues unfortunately as consequences of a by-product of living. Human has transformed one third to one half of the earth’s surface (Marzluff, Bowman, & Donnelly, 2001), and continue to do so in the name of growth and development. In addition to those alterations we are also contributing to dramatic evolutionary changes in other species, for example introducing new medicines (antibiotics, pesticides) which can alter their evolutionary trajectory (Palumbi, 2001). Species declining, global warming and many other human-driven changes on earth are the humanity major concerns (Steffen, Crutzen, & McNeill, 2007). However, while learning about the impact we can cause in the environment where we exist in and are part of, we can contribute positively to a more sustainable world (McKinney, 2002). One simple example of this can be given by teaching the public about the local natural history to minimise the problem with invasive species (McKinney, 2002). Furthermore, Forbes & Kendle (2013) on their book “Urban nature conservation: landscape management in the urban countryside” emphasizes the importance in bringing nature to the heart of the cities as a key component for EE (Forbes & Kendle, 2013). Our planet is rapidly changing into a less biologically diverse state. How can EE help to improve this global phenomenon of species declining concerning so many scientists? – (Dos Santos, 2018).